Surreal photography, like surreal painting, depicts objects, people and landscapes in a non-rational or dream-like way. It is based on the 20th century philosophy of André Breton's 'La Révolution Surréaliste' written in 1924. Surrealism started in Paris but spread throughout Europe, the US and Japan. Surrealism was made popular through painting but there were also many artists who created surreal photographs to express their philosophy. Some of the best known surreal photographers include Marcel Mariën (Belgian), Maurice Tabard (French), Man Ray (American), Lee Miller (American), and Paul Nougé (Belgian).